Glossary

Glossary

A (11) | B (3) | C (29) | D (9) | E (10) | F (2) | G (3) | H (8) | I (11) | K (1) | L (3) | M (7) | N (2) | P (10) | Q (3) | R (8) | S (16) | T (1) | U (4) | V (2) | W (2)

Abandoned explosive ordnance

Explosive ordnance that has not been used during an armed conflict, that has been left behind or dumped by a party to an armed conflict, and which is no longer under control of the party that left it behind or dumped it. Abandoned explosive ordnance may or may not have been primed, fused, armed or otherwise prepared for use. See also Explosive ordnance and Unexploded ordnance.

Abuse

A deliberate act with actual or potential negative effects upon a child’s safety, well-being, dignity, and development. It is an act that takes place in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust, or power.

Access

The proportion of the population that can use a service or facility.

Accessibility

Entails the removal or mitigation of barriers to people’s meaningful participation. These barriers and the measures needed will vary according to disability, age, illness, literacy level, status of language, legal and/or social status, etc.

Accountability

The process of using power responsibly, taking account of, and being held accountable by, different stakeholders, and primarily those who are affected by the exercise of such power.

Adequate care

Where a child's basic physical, emotional, intellectual and social needs are met by his or her caregivers and the child is developing according to his or her potential.

Adolescents

Defined generally as a person 9–19 years. In the CPMS, the term refers specifically to persons aged 9– 17 years old, given the focus on children as defined in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Adolescence can be broken down into the following sub-group: pre-adolescence (9–10), early adolescence (10–14), middle adolescence (15–17) and late adolescence (18–19).

Alternative care

The care provided for children by caregivers who are not their usual primary caregiver.

Alternatives to detention or to deprivation of liberty

Measures (legislation, policy, or practice) aimed at preventing the unnecessary detention of persons, including children being formally processed through the criminal justice system and children who are migrants. Alternatives to detention do not involve deprivation of liberty.

Assessment

The process of establishing the impact of a crisis on a society, including needs, risks, capacities and solutions. See Standard 4 on Programme Cycle Management for information on types of assessments for Child Protection.

At-risk groups / individuals

Children who are at risk of their protection rights being violated. See Risks and Vulnerability.